31 African countries share their experiences on the quality of TVET systems to foster training-to-work transition

16 Jul 2019

The regional workshop on the sharing of experiences on technical and vocational training (TVET) systems for youth employability in Africa was organized in Nairobi in the framework of a partnership with IIEP-Pôle de Dakar Unesco and the Luxembourg Agency for Development Cooperation (Lux-Dev) and the Institute of La Francophonie for the Education and Training (IFEF). It follows the organization of the sharing workshop of March 2018 in Dakar on the theme of public-private partnerships (PPP) in vocational training.

A total of 130 participants of 31 countries from five regions of Africa attended this workshop: Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Mauritius, Mauritania, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Tunisia, Chad, Togo, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

They represented both the central level (TVET leadership directorates, umbrella organizations of employers and professional branches) and the local level (school directors, trainers, enterprises, regional TVET managers). The workshop benefited from the active participation of pan-African, international networks and organizations of vocational training representatives, of representatives of development partners (DPs) supporting vocational training in Africa and of representatives from technical and research organizations and institutions on the themes of the workshop.

Representing the host country, the Principal Secretary of the TVET Department of the Ministry of Education of Kenya, Dr Kevit DESAI, addressed the plenary session on the second day to explain how much this quality system TVET approach / training-to-employment transition was at the heart of the Kenyan approach.

Youth employability and entrepreneurship were discussed from several angles and in a fruitful way by the different actors from African countries present within the framework of three thematic days structured around group work (three parallel groups per day) whose results reflect the richness and diversity of African experiences. In what follows, there is one observation per group. The detailed results will be presented in the overall report of the workshop.

The first day focused on "managing and strengthening national qualifications systems to improve the quality of learning outcomes and their consistency with the skills needs by the economy":

Sub-theme of the first day


Public-private partnerships between vocational training schemes and companies on certification.


A certification mechanism works best when all partners are formally engaged and when vocational and technical training centers are autonomous, as in the case of Morocco's Delegated Management Institutes. "

Organisation and management of assessment and certification systems and the development of national and supranational qualification frameworks;

There is an emerging trend that the private sector (companies and sectoral organizations) is showing increasing interest in sharing responsibility for skills assessment at the regional, national and local levels.


Models, practices and operational approaches for the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).


Recognition and valorisation by employers of prior learning or skills acquired outside formal training require a recognition of the credibility of the certification by RPL.


The second day dealt with "the management of vocational training institutions and centres, including renewed apprenticeship":

Sub-theme of the second day


the pillars of excellence in the management of training institutions and centres


Public-private partnerships led by private companies or by the state show better results in terms of training-employment transition.

The development of training methods in relation to companies (renewed apprenticeship, work-study, apprenticeship in a work situation, etc.)


The proper use of taxes on training is the keystone to feed national funds to finance continuing education and learning. This funding must be accompanied by the establishment of a management and monitoring system to ensure the quality of training within and with the company.

Key performance indicators and monitoring and evaluation at the level of training institutions and centres.

A set of indicators can measure both the performance of the centers in terms of the quality of the training provided (internal evaluation) and the performance of TVET schemes on the employability of graduates including entrepreneurship.


The third day focused on the "mechanisms for monitoring the integration of school leavers able to support the improvement of the quality of training and the regulation of training provision":

Sub-theme of the third day


Active support for integration at the level of training institutions and centres;


Countries that have ensured that TVET does not remain inward-looking, has better results in terms of training-employment transition.

Devices for monitoring insertion


ICT offers a real opportunity to improve these systems, in terms of cost, reliability, frequency and ease of use, but the opportunity seems still unexploited.

Dynamics generated by the follow-up of the effective insertion

Effective monitoring of employability has a positive impact on decision-making and regulation of TVET systems.


In addition, a plenary session entitled "Partners' Panel" allowed the DPs representatives present to briefly describe how the support they provide in African countries contributes to strengthening the mechanisms in the strategic areas addressed during the workshop. The following were represented on this panel: AFD (Paris), SDC (West Africa/Cotonou), Enabel (Burundi and Guinea), GIZ (Ethiopia and Tunisia), UNESCO (Paris), UNEVOC (Bonn), VET-Toolbox-CE (Brussels).

In addition, this regional workshop was an opportunity to strengthen the exchange of expertise at the African level and to initiate the pooling of resources and approaches between countries as well as the development of projects. Participants all expressed their strong commitment to work towards the quality of TVET systems for youth employability in Africa in a sustainable manner.